Have a famous St. Martin Croissant before you set off to feed your eyes with the hallmarks of Poznan! The tour will start at the Old Market Square, letting you feel the beating of the historic heart of this extraordinary city. You will raise your head to see the famous mechanical goats of the Town Hall of Poznan fighting and lower it to admire the brightly painted Merchant Houses, representing a variety of architectural styles. As you continue, your itinerary will let you come across the city's Weighing House, enter the colossal Parish Church and sightsee the medieval Royal Castle, along with the 20th-century Imperial one.
Poznan is the largest city in the central part of western Poland
, with its official establishment in the 10th century. In order to refer to the role it (particularly – the islet of Ostrow Tumski
) played in serving as the centre of power for the early Polish state, the official name of the city translates into "The Capital City of Poznan". Reachable within a three-hour ride from Wroclaw
, it is a significant centre of Polish trade, culture and tourism, with its Old Town listed as a National Historic Monument of Poland
since 2008. In order to sightsee the essential highlights of enchanting Poznan, you need to devote at least 4 hours as you come.
At the beginning of your walking tour, you will find yourself surrounded by the stunning tenement houses
of the Old Market Square
, once belonging to the influential merchant class of the city. The 16th century was when Poznan economic and population-wise importance flourished, attracting German, Dutch and Scottish settlers
to come and enrich the urban fabric of the city with their foreign influence. Most of the Merchant Houses, whose rows mark the boundary of the Market Square (originally laid out in 1253), relate to the classical Renaissance style with their décor. Currently, they house countless cafes, restaurants, galleries and artisan shops to enjoy. In the centre of it all, among the monuments, prangers and fountains
,you will notice the most recognisable symbol of Poznan
– the medieval Town Hall
, restructured between 1550 and 1560 by Giovanni Batista di Quadro. Its beautifully adorned loggia made it once described as "the best Renaissance piece North of the Alps
", while what draws the attention the most has to be given to a pair of mechanical billy-goats
at the top if its tower, ramming their heads 12 times each noon before they disappear
. Among many attractions to see around the Old Market Square, you will also pass by the Weighing House
, erected at the back of the Town Hall and reconstructed for a number of times in its history.
In terms of architectural beauty, there is one particular contender to the Town Hall you simply cannot skip (hence – you will not!) – the Parish Church of St. Stanislaus
, also built within the Old Town of Poznan. The 55-metre-long and 34-metre-wide structure of the shrine, formerly serving as the Jesuit College (1705-1732), is one of the most outstanding examples of Baroque style in Poland
. Its 16 columns of marble, 12 statues of apostles, the high altar by Francesco Ferrari and massive organs with 6-metre-long pipes
will make the visit there a must-do one! The silhouette of a stronghold you may have seen while at the Main Square belongs to the Royal Castle
, built in 1249 during the reign of Duke Przemysl I
. This historically significant site currently houses the Museum of Utilitary Art, as well as is the dwelling of a White Lady named Ludgarda. The Prussian influence in Poznan is best noticeable where another castle was built: with the Neo-Romanesque design of the Imperial Castle
(1910). This structure is where pop- and high cultures of Poznan meet, hosting many exhibitions and performances all year round. After all, Poznan is a city that has it all to handle the most demanding events there are, having successfully served as one of the 4 Polish host cities during UEFA EURO 2012 tournament
. The hospitality of Poznan dwellers is still something not to be forgotten.
Ready to visit Poznan, a place where the concept of Poland was conceived? Contact us and be shown the top hallmarks of this stunning city with an expert guide!